Physiotherapy for Anterior Knee Pain (Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome)
Patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS) is a common knee problem characterised by aching or pain in the front of the knee with activities such as squatting, running, jumping or climbing stairs. Sitting for prolonged periods can also exacerbate it. There are numerous factors that can contribute to PFPS such as muscle imbalance, abnormal foot structure or abnormal patellar alignment. There has been a lot of research conducted to develop the best treatment plan for these patients. Current research supports a quadriceps strengthening program, patellar taping and neuromuscular training.
A recent paper from the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee researched the benefits of a hip and core strengthening program in reducing PFPS symptoms. The rehabilitation program was conducted over 8 weeks, involving 3 phases to strengthen the core and hip musculature. Phase 1 aimed to increase the control of the hip and core muscles through strengthening exercises such as abdominal contractions, clams and 4-point kneel. Phase 2 of the program worked on improving the reflexes of these muscles through single leg standing exercises involving movement of the other leg. The final phase aimed to develop the hip and core muscles in sport-specific exercises to improve the brain-muscle movement pattern.
At the conclusion of the 8-week program 17 of the 19 subjects reported improvements in both pain levels and daily function. This is a positive study to encourage patients suffering with PFPS to consult their physiotherapist to develop a rehabilitation program.
If you are suffering from knee pain give us a call on 8065 6902 and we can help you return to your active lifestyle pain-free.